Producer price index (PPI)

Producer Price Index (PPI) Producer Price Index (PPI) measures the average change over time in the selling prices received by domestic producers for their output. There are 2 PPI indicators: 1. PPI including Food and Energy and 2. PPI excluding Food & Energy also called Core PPI. There are 3 series within PPI: Finished Goods: Goods…
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Consumer Price Index (CPI)

CPI (Consumer Price Index) is the macroeconomic indicator used to monitor a country’s level of inflation. There are two CPI indicators in the US, 1. CPI including Food and energy, 2. CPI excluding Food and energy also known as “Core CPI” because it measures core inflation without having exposure to international Food and Energy prices…
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A country’s central bank and government are politically and economically committed to ensure a constant level of Real economic growth (Real GDP), a high level of employment and a low level of inflation. Inflation is a quantitative measure of the rate at which the average price level of a basket of selected goods and services…
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Interest Rates

The Central bank sets the country’s base interest rate. In the United States the country’s central bank known as the Federal Reserve sets the interest rate called the “Fed Funds Rate”. The level of Interest Rates, the direction they are heading and the speed and magnitude of Interest Rate changes are an important determining factor…
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Money Supply (M2)

The growth of the Money Supply is an important determining factor in analysing an economy. The more money is that is supplied the more inflation there will be in the prices of goods and services (resources) that money as a medium of exchange is used to acquire and vice-versa. During the Gold Standard, the Money…
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